Archive for December, 2008

Prevent Signs Of Aging With Antioxidants

Want to reverse the visible signs of aging? Try supplying your skin with antioxidant. Antioxidant can do wonderful job by standing guard and prepared to fight to keep your cells healthy, your skin gorgeous, and your body disease-free.

What is antioxidant?

Antioxidants can be vitamins, minerals, amino acids, hormones, and enzymes. These different antioxidants can disarm damaging free radicals to some modest degree and protect protein and DNA, our genetic message system. Since there’s no way to constantly monitor free radical activity, the only way to ensure that you have 24-hour protection is to control your dietary intake of antioxidants. The free radical scavengers require the presence of the antioxidant vitamins A, C, and E (and many others) in proper amounts for this protective system to work. The smart way to do is to eat the freshest fruits and vegetables several times a day.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A and the derivatives of vitamin A are called the retinoids, which are an important ingredient in many skin medications. This fat-soluble vitamin truly works wonders for the skin. It regulate the growth of the epidermal cells, inhibit the formation of cancers, decrease inflammation and improve immune function in the skin. It’s so effective, in fact, that it is prescribed to heal severe acne and other skin problems. It also protects your hair and vision, along with your respiratory and digestive systems Vitamin A and its derivatives are powerful antioxidants, and studies have shown that this compound can decrease and reverse the signs of aging of the skin.

Recommendation for supplement : take only 2,500 IU of vitamin A daily, as overdose can become toxic and caused increased pressure on your brain. And most importantly, Vitamin A should not be taken by women who are pregnant and dosages higher than those recommended should be avoided.

Good food sources : animal and fish livers; fish liver oils; carrots; green and yellow vegetables.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant, is important in preventing free-radical damage, and helps new collagen formation and wound healing. Vitamin C has also been shown to enhance the protection of your skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation from sunlight. It is nearly impossible to obtain all our vitamin C needs from dietary sources, so it is wise to supplement. Vitamin C is an essential cofactor in collagen production in the skin. That means if vitamin C is lacking, there is little collagen production in the skin. Topical application assures better vitamin C concentration on the skin. However, there has to be a certain blood level of vitamin C as well, to maintain good skin from the inside out.

Recommendation for supplement : take 1,000-2,000 mg of vitamin C daily, divide between lunch and dinner. You could also take vitamin C supplement called ascorbyl palmitate (vitamin C ester), which is fats soluble. A dose of about 500 mg a day is adequate.

Good food sources : fresh fruit – especially blackcurrants, rosehips, stawberries, citrus and topical fruits; raw peppers; green leafy vegetables; tomatoes and potatoes.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E, another potent antioxidant, is a fat-soluble vitamin, found in your cell membranes. It is an important free radical scavenger that works to prevent damage to the cell membrane, which is one of the vital structures to which free radicals produce their most damaging effects on your cells. Vitamin E helps your skin stay youthful by protecting against UV radiation. However, taking vitamin E does not excuse you from using daily sunscreen. Scientific evidence shows that vitamin E may be instrumental in helping you fight aging at a cellular level. Long before we see outward evidence of aging such as wrinkles, gray hair, etc., the damage begins at a cellular level.

Recommendation for supplement : for daily dosage, take 200 IU for younger patients and 400 IU for patients in their forties and fifties. As vitamin E can interfere with the ability of your blood to clot, so do not take this vitamin if you are on blood thinners or proceeding an operation soon.

Good food sources : wholegrains; egg yolks; green vegetables; seed oils and vegetable oils.

CoQ10

CoQ10 is necessary for the production of enzyme Q10 in the mitochondria in your cells. It also acts as an antioxidant, protecting the cell membrance and is essential for healthy skin. CoQ10 deactivates some of the free radicals that are released during the energy-generating process. At the same time, it takes part in the energy-gaining process. We do produce CoQ10 for ourselves; however, the problem is that the production of CoQ10 declines by about 50 percent by middle age, so does our energy level.

Recommendation for supplement : take 100 mg per day with meals. However, this drug can interact with many other drugs, so you should consult your doctor before taking this CoQ10.

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpha lipoic acid, a nature powerful antioxidant, increases the positive effects of other antioxidants such as vitamin A and E, protects these vitamins in the body and helps them to do a better job of squashing free radicals. It also helps protect DNA from metals that can generate free radicals. Alpha lipoic acid can actually increase a cell’s metabolism, meaning the cell increases its energy production and capacity to heal. It can also prevent glycation, the harmful effect of sugar in the blood, which helps to prevent premature aging and skin damage. It can also work wonders on aging skin and has shown to treat lines, wrinkles, dull skin, under-eye bags and puffiness when using topically.

Recommendation for supplement : take 100 mg daily. Make sure to take it with a significant amount of food because it is both fat and water soluble and because it can be very irritating on an empty stomach.

Review – PCA Skin ExLinea Peptide Smoothing Serum

PCA Skin ExLinea Peptide Smoothing Serum is the first peptide product I have tested and I have to say it really is one of best product I have used so far.

It is a serum packed with powerful potent ingredients that smooth, hydrate and nurture aging skin that diminish the appearance of existing wrinkles and fighting future damage.

Ingredients

It is formulated with Argireline, a proven peptide that reduces the depth of existing lines and prevents future wrinkling due to over-stimulation of facial muscles similar to Botox injections.

Hyaluronic acid and plant polysaccharides increase skin moisture, providing a plumper, firmer and youthful complexion.

Rosa Rubiginosa Seed Oil, a good emollient oil, provides high concentrations of the essential fatty acids that are vital for healthy skin.

PCA Skin ExLinea Peptide Smoothing Serum also contains a blend of antioxidants and advanced actives fight free radicals and provide the skin with an immediate tightening and lifting effect.

  • Witch hazel – has potent antioxidant properties
  • Ascorbic acid – form of a vitamin C that has antioxidant properties.
  • Epigallocatechin gallate – a potent antioxidant, posses anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. It can prevent collagen breakdown and reduce UV damage to skin.
  • Tocotrienols and tocopherol – potent forms of vitamin E that are considered stable and powerful antioxidants. They are excellent in protecting skin from the adverse effects of oxidative stress including sun damage.

In my opinion

Though it contains ingredients like melissa officinalis leaf oil and santalum album oil, that may irritate skin but I guess it is worth to give this product a try.

Texture

Lightweight and watery. It can be applied on the eye area.

Results

Wrinkles and lines around my eye areas and forehead have significantly reduced.

Ratings  

Will I buy it again? …… Maybe!

 

PCA Skin ExLinea Peptide Smoothing Serum is available at Wen & Weng (Vivo City 6376 9968) and The Medical & Rejuvenation Centre (China Square Central 6532 7385)

Fraxel

 

Fraxel, the world’s first fractional resurfacing system, is a laser that produces thousands of tiny but deep columns of treatment in you skin. This ‘fractional’ treatment penetrates deep into the dermis while leaving the surrounding tissues unaffected and intact. It allows the skin to heal much faster than if the entire area was treated at once, using the body’s natural healing process to produce new collagen and skin cells.

Before Fraxel, there were two types of available laser treatments; ablative laser treatment, which is risky and requires a long healing process, and non-ablative laser treatment, which is gentler, requires numerous treatments over several months and has widely different results. Fraxel treatments strive to offer the effectiveness of ablative lasers with the benefits of the gentler, non-ablative lasers. Hence, it is said to be less wounding to the skin.

Fraxel can improve skin texture and erase acne scars. It also treats pigmentation caused by aging or sun damage, especially melasma – a skin discolouration commonly found on the upper cheeks, nose and forehead.

Healing occurs quicker so there is very little downtime, and there will be redness, swelling and flaking post-treatment. Skin will appear to be bronzed for about three days. For optimal results, you’ll need at least three to five sessions monthly. Most of the results are permanent.

Fraxel does not work on deep lines and sagging.

Cost : $1,250 – $1,600 per session

Review – Sisleya Global Anti-Age Cream

 

Sisleya Global Anti-Age, claimed to be a highly effective global anti-aging cream, has won the Prix D’Excellence Marie Claire Japan in 2000.

It is said to contains some of the indispensable elements necessary for the correct functioning of the skin’s metabolism: regeneration and the alleviation of the effects of hormonal deficiencies on the skin. 

Ingredients

This expensive anti-aging moisturizer contains synergistic complex of regenerating elements includes ursolic acid, vitamins, and oligo-elements, combined with stimulating factors including phyto-stimulines, and essential oils. It also contains plant ingredients, many of which are antioxidant, though some of them may irritate skin. Equisetum arvense, also known as horsetail extract, and lentinus edodes extract, that may have antimicrobial and antibacterial properties, are plant extracts that have antioxidant properties that could be potential skin irritants.

Pure and highly effective vitamins; A (Retinol), B5 (Panthenol), E, F (essential fatty acid), which help to visibly improve the appearance of skin tissue, fight free radicals and improve skin tone and elasticity. 

Variations

Sisleya Global Anti-Age exists in two versions : Sisleya – fine texture & Sisleya Extra-Rich – for dry skin. It can be used morning and/or night on face and neck. 

Results

Slight visible improvement on skin tone, lines and wrinkles. Complexion is more radiant.

Ratings  

 (hyper expensive)

Will I buy it again? …… Unlikely!

Sisley – available at Takashimaya, Metro Paragon and Robinsons

Inflammation Is Bad For Skin

 

Every women should know by now that free radicals are without question the main player in the aging process. But there is another natural aspect that affects aging – inflammation. Inflammation is shown to accelerate the destruction of the cell and the aging process by producing more free radicals. 

When you think of infammation, you may envision skin redness, swelling, or irritation. But don’t be surprise that the type of inflammation that contributes to much of aging is actually invisible to the naked eye. Most people probably not aware that inflammation regularly exists throughout the body in various forms and to various extremes.

Inflammation can be triggered by a wide variety of external factors such as the smoking, pollution, the presence of an infection, or excess exposure to ultraviolet radiation, which result in sunburn. It can cause the skin’s immune system becoming impaired, collagen breaking down and the skin of its outer protective barrier. Other cause of inflammations are skin-care products that contain irritating ingredients, using very hot water or over-scrubbing skin.

What is perhaps most shocking is that all of these damaging responses can be taking place underneath the skin and you wouldn’t even notice it on the surface, not until many years later. Unquestionably, one of the most obvious examples of the inflammatory process at work is unprotected sun exposure. Your don’t feel the penetration of these ultraviolet rays, but they are taking a toll on the skin nonetheless.

To have a healthy skin, it is very important to eliminate anything that unnecessarily irritates and inflames skin, and avoid at all cost on any products or skin-care routines that may cause irritation and inflammation.

Review – SK-II Whitening Source Derm Definition

SK-II Whitening Source Derm Definition, one of the best seller on SK-II line is said to help even out your skin tone to promote a clear, translucent glow and also make you fairer.

This intensive gel-based whitening treatment, inspired by laser technology, that helps disperse existing dark spots and fleckles while controlling the formation of new ones.

Ingredients

Pitera, a key ingredient, is a form of yeast claim to be unique because of the fermenting and filtering process it goes through before it being added to the products. Pitera, an essential ingredient only for SKII line and is found in every SK-II product.

Niacinamide, another active ingredient, also known as vitamin B3, is said to increase ceramide and free fatty acid levels in skin, prevent skin from losing water content. It also acts as a skin-lightening agent that treats skin discolorations.

It also contains ascorbyl glucoside, a form of vitamin C that combined with glucose, that acts as an antioxidant and may lighten the skin tone.

Results 

After completion on one bottle : dark spots are still fairly visible though no new formation appears. Skin is more hydrated.

Ratings  

Will I buy it again? …… I don’t think so!

 

Best Review Moisturizer For Different Skin Type

For normal to slightly dry, oily or combination skin

  • Olay Regenerist Perfecting Cream
  • Clinique Repairwear Intensive Night Lotion
  • Clinique Continuous Rescue Antioxidant Moisturizer Combination to Oily
  • Clinique Moisture In-Control Oil-Free Lotion
  • Estee Lauder Hydra Complete Multi-Level Moisture Lotion

For normal to dry skin

  • Olay Total Effects 7-in-1 Anti-Aging Moisturizer
  • Clinique Continuous Rescue Antioxidant Moisturizer Dry/Combination
  • Dr. Denese New York Triple Strength Wrinkle Smoother
  • MD Skincare by Dr. Dennis Gross Hydra-Pure Antioxidant Firming Serum
  • Paula’s Choice Hydrating Treatment Cream, for Normal to Dry Skin

For dry to very dry skin

  • Clinique CX Rapid Recovery Cream
  • Clinique Continuous Rescue Antioxidant Moisturizer Very Dry to Dry
  • Paula’s Choice Skin Recovery Moisturizer, for Normal to Very Dry Skin

Things to note

  • Moisturizer is not designed to eliminate wrinkles and lift sagging skin.
  • Morning regimens must include use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen of your choice after moisturizer.
  • You may not required a moisturizer if you have very oily skin.
  • If you have oily or combination skin, apply moisturizer only over dry areas, not over oily areas.
  • If you start to encounter irritation, STOP using the product immediately.

Vitamin E – an antioxidant superstar

 

Vitamin E, a fat-soluble vitamin, is an important free radical scavenger that works to prevent damage to the cell membrane, which is one of the vital structures to which free radicals produce their most damaging effects on your cells. Vitamin E is one of the most powerful antioxidants and has been shown to be beneficial in combating both heart disease and cancer.

Vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, has eight different forms, of which some are known for being excellent antioxidants when applied topically to skin, particularly alpha tocopherol and the tocotrienols.

Tocotrienols, the more powerful form of vitamin E, have the ability to completely disperse in a cell membrane and scoop up free radicals far more quickly than other forms. Research shows that tocotrienol-based preparations can make hair shinier, heal redness and scaling often seen in severely dry skin, and prevent fingernails from cracking and peeling.

These preparations will also probably make sunscreens more effective, while helping to fight off the inflammation caused by sunburn. Some studies have show that vitamin E’s anti-inflammatory action can kick in to reduce redness after sun exposure. There is also less swelling of the skin, less destruction of lipids, and fewer sunburn cells. Vitamin E also plays a role in protecting the skin from aging damage caused by the sun when used in combination with Vitamin C in sun block. However, there must be a high concentration of both vitamins in the skin to withstand the barrage of free radicals created by sunlight.

As vitamin E is a soothing anti-inflammatory, it is also a marvelous emollient, preventing transepidermal water loss, so it’s often included in moisturizing products. Vitamin E is also stable in water, which makes it easier to use in products.

Thermage – The radio-frequency facelift

 

Thermage employs radio frequency technology called ThermaCool which involves superheating the dermal layer of the skin, causing it to contract and as a result tighten the skin. A handheld device delivers the heat to the collagen layers while simultaneously protecting, cooling and without burning the outer layers. The premise is that radio frequency can heat the skin at higher temperatures than lasers can without burning the skin so it has more of a tightening effect than they do.

Immediately, range from 25 to 50 percentage improvements in tightening mild to moderate laxity in the nasolabial folds, forehead, the skin surrounding the eyes, and jowls. Over the following two to six months, new collagen is produced to further tighten the skin and more recontouring may be seen. Results are variable and more than one treatment may be required.

Radio-frequency waves are especially used to deliver energy to tighten, shape and firm loose skin on the neck, face and body without surgery, injections and little to no downtime. It is also often used to tighten loose skin on various parts of body especially the abdomen and thighs. Women aged 35 to 60 normally have the best and most predictable results.

Thermage cannot replace lose volume and treat deep wrinkles.

This treatment can be quite uncomfortable and light pain medications will be offered prior to treatment. Your skin may be slightly red for a few days after treatment.

Results may last 24 months or longer based on the patient’s natural aging process. Patients can return to their regular activities immediately.

$2,500 to $11,000 depending on area

Skincare products – To minimize enlarged pores

For normal to oily or blemish-prone skin

  • Neutrogena Pore Refining Cream SPF 15*
  • Neutrogena Oil-Free Acne Stress Control 3-in-1 Hydrating Acne Treatment
  • Clearasil Daily Blackhead Control Pads with Natural Sea Salt
  • Paula’s Choice 1% Beta Hydroxy Acid Gel
  • Murad Night Reform Treatment

For normal to dry skin

  • Neutrogena Healthy Skin Face Lotion
  • Neostrata Exuviance Professional Rejuvenating Complex
  • Neostrata Daytime Protection Cream SPF 15*
  • Paula’s Choice 8% Alpha Hydroxy Acid Gel
  • M.D. Formulations Moisture Defense Antioxidant Lotion

Before you start

  • Always cleanse before applying product. Use toner if you have oily skin, as well as an eye cream.
  • Morning regimens must include use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen of your choice.
  • Don’t starve your skin of hydration if you have combination skin, you still need to use a lightweight moisturizer.
  • You may not need to scrub your skin when using any of these products.

Things to note

  • * With SPF 15, use it only in the day.
  • If you use one of these products, you should begin to see some results right away. Pores will continue to be minimized the longer you use them.
  • Go gentle at the start, use the product every other days for the first 2 weeks. If no irritation occurs, you can start using it everyday. Do not over-use any of these products, twice a day will be sufficient.
  • If you start to encounter irritation, STOP using the product immediately.