All posts in Basic Skin Care 101

Unveil My BEAUTY SECRETS For Great-Looking Skin


People who have seen and know me in person will frequently compliment my complexion and ask for my beauty tips on how I achieve it. Yeah you are right in a way, part of my good-looking skin is due to heredity. And the rest are due to ‘meticulous’ care and healthy lifestyle habits.

After constant persuasion from some readers, I decided to unveil the beauty secrets on how I upkeep my healthy looking skin. Frankly, I was rather reluctant to share my beauty secrets to everyone although I know very well I will have to do it now or later in a matter of time. You can say I’m boastful or selfish if you like. Hahahahaha!!!

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Intrinsic Aging & Extrinsic Aging, Which Ages Faster?


There are two types of aging, intrinsic and extrinsic.

Intrinsic Aging

Intrinsic (internal) aging is the rate of aging that occurs with the passage of time. It is genetically determined, but influenced to some extent, by diet and lifestyle.

Extrinsic Aging

Extrinsic aging is caused primarily by sun-damage and hence, also called photo-aging. Extrinsic (external) aging is also intrinsic aging compounded by external causes such as air pollution and inflammation caused by harsh detergents, rough treatment, cosmetics and disease processes.

Intrinsic Aging v.s. Extrinsic Aging

To understand the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic aging, you need only look at the skin on you face versus, say, the skin on your hips or your upper thighs. The prime culprit of extrinsic aging? Sun exposure. Most 50 years olds, for example, can easily see the difference in skin that’s been exposed to sunlight for years (such as the skin on their faces, necks, arms, chests and lower legs) and skin that’s been protected by clothing (such as the skin on their buttocks and torsos). The exposed skin is generally more wrinkled and discolored and less taut than the unexposed skin.

As skin aging is divided into intrinsic aging and extrinsic aging. Intrinsic aging accounts for 15% of the changes associated with skin aging whereas extrinsic aging accounts for 85% of the changes.

The damaging effect

Extrinsic aging or photo-aging, was until quite recently believed to be a fast-forwarding of intrinsic aging. But differences between the damaging effect of the sun, air pollution and inflammation caused by harsh detergents and rough treatment have emphasized the fact that external elements play a large part in the aging process. Hence, a staggering 85% of skin aging is attributed to sun damage.

UV rays and pollution (including smoking) speed up the aging process because they promote the production of free radicals on the surface of exposed skin, damaging collagen and elastin fibres. The result is a rough, dry skin texture, deep wrinkles, uneven pigmentation and broken veins.

Photo-aging is entirely preventable and since it accounts for 85% of skin aging. The best protection against skin aging is therefore sun-protection.


The Importance Of Good Cleansing

In recent years, there are endless varieties of different cleansing lotions, soap bars, gels and washes in the market. To know what best suit you, first is to identify your skin type, then simply to find one or two products that are catered to your skin and to stick with them.

Why Cleansing?

The purpose of cleansing is simply to remove surface dirt, makeup and the day’s creams. Most of the people may think that cleansing twice a day is good, but more is even better. Overdoing it, may cause skin to strip off the needed oils and natural protection against elements.

What is your skin type?

If you have dry skin, choose a creamy cleanser that doesn’t foam. It is also important to avoid over-cleansing as this can cause your skin to dry out even more. For more oily skin, cleansing with toning can be very helpful, particularly for removing some of the blackheads and whiteheads that can be characteristic of this skin type. Oily skin responds best to foaming gels or liquids. The normal skin is much easier and can pretty much tolerate most of the products. The sensitive skin should look for some soothing botanicals, and those who are using anti-acne products which usually tends to dry up the skin, should avoid using a cleanser that will further accelerate drying, switch to a milder cleanser is the best solution.

Not forgetting our eyes

Cleansing the eye areas is another important daily regimen to follow. This area needs careful treatment as eyelid skin is extremely thin and more sensitive to allergy and irritation. It also contains very few sebaceous glands and can therefore be prone to dryness. Eye cleansing products usually containing humectants such as glycerine and hyaluronic acid that help to prevent drying of the eyelid skin.

It is best to clean your face twice a day. Before going to bed, it is vital to have a thorough cleansing and removal of all makeup, as it can cause breakouts on your skin and irritation in and around your eyes.


Knowing Your Skin Type


Before you decide on a daily skin-care regimen, it is important to identify your own skin type in order to choose the right products that work best for you. Your skin will respond differently to varies stimuli and cleansers. If you have eczema, psoriasis, acne or any condition, it is likely your skin will increase the response to products. The descriptions below are meant to help you confirm your own self-assessment. Or, if you’re on the borderline of one type or another, these profiles should help you decide. You may also get your dermatologist to help you to identify your skin type. Keep in mind that your skin type may change with different life situations – such as pregnancy and menopause – or if you move to a more dry or humid climate, and you may need to make changes in the way you care for it. With aging, your skin will get drier than before.


Sensitive Skin

Your skin will react to a variety of creams (some sunscreens, renewal creams, glycolic acid creams) by stinging or burning. You may have a personal or family history of eczema or other skin irritations. You need to use skin products that are tested and labelled specifically for sensitive skin. Your skin may even react to cold temperatures or wind by becoming red and irritated. You may also notice tiny cracks in your skin, and that makeup becomes flaky. Although the irritation – redness, stinging, itching, and burning – that you sometimes experience is not the same as a truly allergic reaction, you are more prone to true allergies, and you can break out in a rash all over if you are allergic to a fragrance or some other ingredient or drug.


Dry Skin

Your skin will often feel tight and ‘stretched’ within a half hour after you wash your face. You usually do not have any oily areas on your face. You need to use non-soap, moisturising washes. Your skin may often also be sensitive and you may not be able to tolerate renewal creams, at least not frequently. Your pores are small and fine, even across your nose and chin. You may have flaky areas where there are fewer pores, and your skin is thin over your cheeks. It may be so transparent and delicate that you can see small blood vessels beneath it, especially on your cheeks. Your skin looks smooth, but it feels rough when you run your fingertips across it. You may notice very fine superficial lines etched on your cheeks. That’s because the normal creases in the skin are more obvious when there isn’t enough moisture to soften them. Moisturizing creams and lotions disappear quickly into your skin after you apply them.


Normal Skin

You skin feels neither greasy nor dry, which means you are fortunate to have a whole range of skin-care products available to you. The pores of your skin are medium-size. Although you may have more pores along your nose and chin, and these areas may be oiler than your cheeks and around your eyes, you are not troubled with blackheads and pimples. Your complexion is bright and it feels smooth to the touch. Your skin is usually free of blemishes and tolerates extremes in temperatures well. Your cheeks may redden in the cold, but they don’t become irritated and chapped. Makeup stays where you put it and doesn’t flake. Weather conditions may change your skin; it’s a bit oilier when it’s warm and drier when it’s cool.


Oily Skin

Your skin feels greasy or oily and often looks shiny, particularly on the forehead and chin. You may be prone to oil bumps as you age. You need to use degreasing cleansers and toners and sometimes oil-absorbing face masks. The good news is that your skin is unlikely to be sensitive and can tolerate many creams, including renewal creams. Your overall skin tone is likely to be sallow. When it comes to ageing, you are lucky. You have far fewer lines than your friends with dry or even normal skin. Your skin tolerates cold and wind very well, but hot, humid weather may make it glisten with oil. Foundation disappears after about an hour or two, moisturizing lotions and creams absorb slowly.


Combination Skin

Your skin is a combination of oily (usually on the forehead and nose – the T-zone, where there are more sebaceous glands) and normal or dry (more often the cheeks and around the mouth and neck). Different cleansing routines are needed for the different areas, or products aimed specifically at combination skin types. You tend to have enlarged pores especially on T-zone area and dehydration on other areas. Up to 50 per cent of women have combination skin.

9 Lifestyle Habits For A Younger-Looking Skin


When it comes to our skin, maintaining a balanced diet and overall healthy lifestyle are essentials. If you do, there is no question that you will look better than if you don’t. How we age is dependent on three factors: lifestyle, skin type and genes. If your parents aged well, then you will probably look as good as them when you age. But how we live, even where we live, can also have a major impact on how we age. Here are the healthy lifestyle habits that are crucial to maintain and achieve a radiance and younger-looking skin.


Water is crucial 

It is a key ingredient in radiant, healthy-looking skin and helps it to maintain a certain degree of plumpness. When skin is plump, lines and wrinkles are less apparent and enlarged pores look smaller. Always remember to drink eight glasses a day and hydrate your skin whenever is possible.

Getting enough sleep

It is important to get enough sleep, preferably 7-8 hours of deep, uninterrupted sleep that bodies need. During sleep, our bodies secret growth hormones and replenish cells and tissues. When the skin is getting less than optimum needs, it can become dull and pale with dark under-eye circles. Lack of sleep can be so stressful that it actually causes our bodies, including our skin to generate free radicals. Hence, lines and wrinkles will start to appear on the skin.

Wear sunscreen

The main reason for premature ageing of the skin is sun damage. The sunlight causes the skin to age faster than it should – by directly breaking down its supporting structures, collagen and elastin. It also damages the enzymes that protect collagen from breakdown. One of the most common problem is sunspot. Safeguarding your skin against the sun by wearing more sunscreen, is the single most important thing you can do for your skin’s health and appearance.


Tar triggers free radicals, which can cause cancer as well as break down collagen. Smoking ages the skin around the mouth. It also reduces the amount of oxygen supply to all body organs including the skin by narrowing the blood vessels. This will make the skin to function much less efficiently and hence less collagen and elastin are produced.


It is a factor in certain types of skin ageing. It can cause repeated then constant enlargement of the blood vessels resulting in the characteristic red-faced appearance of many drinkers. Excess alcohol can also reduce the absorption of key vitamins and the nutrients that the skin requires.

Exercise regularly 

Not working out doesn’t just affect our waistlines, it can also show up in our faces. When our cardiovascular system is functioning optimally we have proper circulation, which ensures the optimum flow of blood and nutrients to the skin. Sweating also helps to release any water that your body may be unnecessarily retaining but also helps to detox our body and skin.

Basic regimen

If you want your skin to look and feel great, careful cleansing is important. Nothing beats that freshly washed feeling. If you’re just starting out on your anti-ageing regimen, its important to realize that no one ingredient or procedure can replace a good solid skincare routine with a cleanser and moisturizer geared to your skin type, gentle daily exfoliation, plus products with proven active ingredients to increase skin-firming collagein production.


To have a good-looking skin, it is vital to eat a healthy, sensible and steady diet especially with more fruits and vegetables. Do avoid sudden weight gain and crash dieting. If you lose and gain weight rapidly, your skin will also stretch and sag easier.


When you are happy or stress, your skin can tell. Stress is a surefire way to skin ageing. Try to reduce stress by finding new ways to relax and slow down.



Essential Daily Skin-care Regimen

Your first step to maintain a beautiful, younger-looking skin is to customize your own daily skin-care regimen that will help to slow down the aging process, improve your skin appearance and prevent further damage to your skin.

Always remember there is no such thing as being too young or too old to start taking preventative measures.

It is always important to realize that no one ingredient or treatment can replace a good solid daily skin-care routine with a cleanser and moisturizer meant for your skin type, gentle exfoliation, eye treatment, sunscreen, plus products with proven active ingredients to increase skin-firming collagen production while protecting your skin from free radical and sun damage.


If you want your skin to look and feel great, careful cleansing is important. Nothing beats that freshly washed feeling.


Toning is more important if you have a tendency to dull or oily skin because it helps to clean the skin and reduces surface oils. If your skin is dry, you should avoid toning, or reduce the frequency. But if you have acne skin, try switching from an alcohol-based product to one that contains witch hazel. The extract from this plant has a proven astringent, toning and anti-inflammatory effects.


Sunscreen is a must for your morning regimen. Wearing sunscreen everyday will help to prevent the signs of premature aging. Be sure that your sunscreen is broad-spectrum, meaning it has both UVA and UVB protection. An SPF 30 is optimal.


moisturizer can be a cream, lotion, serum, or ointment and it’s function is to increase the hydration of your skin. If your skin is dry or normal, you should moisturize in the morning and at night. Those with dry skin can use a heavier night cream. If your skin is combination, you could use a lighter moisturizer on the oily areas, and a richer one on the dry areas. Oily skin can benefit from a lightweight moisturizer, to hold in water. Many brands in the market claim that a moisturizer can help to treat wrinkles, it is not truth.

Eye Care

Always protect your delicate eyes with good moisturizing eye cream day and night. These creams work to hydrate and protect the skin, helping to minimize puffiness and dehydrated skin. Wearing a product with sunscreen and antioxidants during the day will help to prevent sun damage and free-radicals formation. Using a cream or gel with vitamin C and retinol at night will help to jump-start collagen content.

Gentle Exfoliation

Another surefire way to keep skin glowing and smooth is to exfoliate to prevent the buildup of dulling dead skin cells and other debris. It also allows the creams you put on afterward to penetrate more deeply into the skin. Be careful not to overdo it, twice a week is recommended. You don’t need to rub.

I know many women may feel that they are too tired or lazy to change and kind of resignation they refuse to accept. The truth is, these women can’t image how easy it is to make small, subtle changes and how quickly they’ll see results if they stick to the program.

As you know by now, there’s no good makeup without good skin. Makeup should enhance your natural beauty, not mask it.

Taking responsibility for your skin, means getting into a proper regime and looking after it correctly each and every day.

When & How You Age


Do you know that aging is a process that begun from the moment you were born? Facial aging is an inevitable outward sign of the aging process in general. Each and every one of us is unique, and it follows, that every one of us is different as regards our skin type and the way in which our skin ages.

To understand better how to combat the signs of aging, it’s a good idea to become familiar with the process itself. The rate our skin ages and how this aging will manifest itself and determined primarily by our genetics, the passage of time and our lifestyle habits such as smoking and tanning. However, it is possible to draw up a rough guide to demonstrate when the average person can expect to see the first signs of aging, and what these might be.

In Your 20′s

Being in your 20s, your skin is at its prime. The epidermis is nice and juicy, plumped up with healthy collagen and elastin in the dermis, and skin cells that easily renew themselves every twenty-eight to thirty days. At this stage, your skin should be reasonably smooth without any major lines unless you have been overly exposed to sunburn from an early age. Acne breakouts are usually common to women in their 20′s.

First signs of aging at 20′s

Fair skin that is exposed to excessive sunlight during childhood can start to show signs of facial changes as early as in 20′s. You may start to notice skin losses its smoothness and moisture, enlarged pores, fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes, deep creases on forehead and mild pigmentary changes. At this stage, these changes may not necessarily manifest themselves so much as lines and wrinkles, but more as the beginnings of sunspots.

In Your 30′s

In your 30s, the appearance of your skin will depend largely on how well it has been protected from sunlight, although this is also the point at which genetic factors may kick in. At this stage, cell renewal and circulation slow down and skin starts to lose lustre. Collagen and elastin weaken and skin will look less plumpness. Skin doesn’t look as fresh. Many skin problems will start surfacing.

Signs of aging at 30′s

If you are in your 30′s and have been neglecting your skin all this while. At this stage, your skin will start to appear dull and uneven, with enlarged pores and sunspots. Another problem you may occur is sagging; crow’s feet, central frown line, forehead lines and perhaps deeper wrinkles, especially in the nasolabial fold (the lines between the nose and the mouth) will start appearing. Wrinkles and pigmentation are becoming a permanent fixture on your skin. Especially for childbearing women, extra care has to be taken against skin sagging and pigmentation after birth. An oily T-zone and adult acne can be triggered by stress, pregnancy and contraceptive or fertility drugs.

In Your 40′s

In your 40′s, sebum production decreases and sensitivity increases. Your skin produces less collagen and decreases hormone secretion, causing skin to loss its elasticity and sag. Cells retain less moisture and lose their firmness, and skin can become much more dry than it’s ever been.

Signs of aging at 40′s

In your 40′s, signs of aging are inevitable. At this stage, your skin is significantly more likely to show the signs of past sun exposure, as well as increased frown and smile lines from muscle activity. You will start showing a loss of fat under the skin with loss of firmness. There are more wrinkles around your eyes, mouth, and on your forehead. Hyperpigmentation spots become more plentiful as well as darker.


In Your 50′s

Reaching 40 and approaching menopause, signs of aging not only show on the face, as well as the neck and hands. Skin tone becomes increasingly uneven with more age or sunspots. Skin will start to acquire real character. Loss of elastin results in sagging skin. Menopausal changes can trigger acne.

Severe signs of aging at 50′s

At this stage, you will probably be experiencing a general worsening of all the above, as well as feeling a greater change under the skin with a sagging eyelid and/or brow droop. For this you may want to obtain a referral for eyelid surgery and try lower facial fillers to rejuvenate the face and cheeks. Skin on your chin is loosening and eye bags are heavier. Fine lines and wrinkles deepen into folds. Increased sallowness, broken blood vessels and drier skin.