All posts in Anti Aging

Guest Blogger Dr. Irwin – Anti-Aging Beyond The Face

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Womenlovebeauty’s guest blogger Dr. Brandith Irwin who has been a guest medical expert on The Oprah Winfrey Show and the Weekend Today Show, provides beauty tips on anti-aging, my favorite beauty topic ever.

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Anti-Aging Beyond The Face

When we think of anti-aging treatments we automatically think about the face. But don’t forget that the neck, chest and hands age too! In order to look flawlessly youthful, it is a good idea to treat all of these areas so you have an even look.

Laser treatments, chemical peels and injectables are common non-invasive anti aging treatments for the face that can also be applied to the neck, chest and hands.

The skin on your neck and chest is usually exposed to the sun just as much as your face, but not everyone remembers to apply sunscreen to these areas. Therefore this skin can become damaged. Laser resurfacing treatments, like fractional CO2 or Fraxel, or IPL can remove the sun damage, brown spots and wrinkles on your neck and chest, leaving all of your skin looking smooth, fresh and youthful.

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Stress & Sleepless Night Are Bad For Your Health & Skin

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Stress = Aging

Giving your skin a break

Learning how to keep stress under control contributes to your skin’s good health. While the human body is equipped to deal with a certain level of stress, when stress levels are pushed beyond where they should be, and if they stay elevated for a period of time, virtually every bodily system is compromised. This includes your skin, which is part of your immune system. It’s no wonder that skin conditions like rosacea and eczema flare during times of high stress. Unfortunately, these conditions often hang around even after life returns to a more normal state. Because of this, the skin stays inflamed, which is the breeding ground for free radical activity.

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Stress and how to manage it

When stressed, your body releases cortisol, a hormone that causes a spike in your insulin level, which then triggers mood swings and sugar cravings.

No skincare system will work on the outside unless you’re willing to work on the inside as well.

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Free Radicals Destroy Our Cells, DNA, Cause Inflammation & Facial Aging

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If you ask ‘How free radicals cause aging?’ or ‘What damage can free radicals do to your body and cells? If you have not heard about free radicals by now, you certainly will very soon.

Free radicals have a major impact on facial aging and this topic is so important and the discovery of new relevant therapies is occurring so rapidly.

What is Free Radicals

Free radicals are oxygen molecules that have lost an electron in interactions with other molecules. As a result, these molecules are extremely unstable, or reactive. In their quest to ‘heal’ themselves, free radicals steal electrons from other, healthy molecules, creating more free radicals in the process, damaging cell components.

Where do Free Radicals come from?

Although free radicals are entirely natural – they’ve a by-product of normal bodily processes, like breathing air or digesting food – they’re also extremely treacherous. Because every time free radicals seek to stabilize themselves, they damage healthy cells. Worse, free radicals aren’t just manufactured by our own bodies. They’re also unleashed by external factors, including sunlight, cigarette smoke and air pollution. And stress and poor diet play a part too.

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The Best & Worst Anti Aging Foods

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It is obvious that our diet plays a profound role in our overall health and in the aging process. There are excellent books on healthy eating and painstakingly detailed descriptions and other important elements.

The following are general dietary but critical guidelines for you to follow if you are serious about preventing and possibly reversing aging changes to your facial skin :

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- Eat more fish, especially cold water fish such as salmon

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- Eat more soy based products

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- Eat more fiber

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- Drink more water – 8 glasses of water daily

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- Eat more brightly-colored and cruciferous vegetables which include broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage..

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How To Slow Down Intrinsic Aging

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Although it is inevitable to completely prevent intrinsic aging of the skin, one can develop certain health habits that will help delay the onset and possibly lessen the severity of intrinsic aging symptoms. And also, prevention of sun exposure is the biggest preventable factor.

Diet and exercise

This will not prevent all of intrinsic aging, but good health habits will help the body nourish the skin better and therefore help to fight aging. Avoiding excessive alcohol will also help the body function better. A regular aerobic exercise program and a well-balanced, healthy diet can certainly help an individual live longer and better, as well as helping the skin function in a more healthy manner.

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How To Minimize Expression Lines

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Expression lines are another symptom of intrinsic aging. Individuals will develop lines from consistent and repetitive facial movements. ‘Smile’ lines occur in the nasolabial area. ‘Frown’ lines may also occur in the forehead, eye and chin areas.

Any repetitive movement of a facial expression such as raising the eyebrows, frowning, smiling scowling, or any other facial movement will eventually cause a crease to occur, just as pants will wrinkle more the more you wear them.

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What Causes Skin To Sag? Can You Reverse Sagging?

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Lines. Wrinkles. Sagging!

Lines are generally the result of wear and tear to the areas of our face that are involved in its movement — its natural grooves or seams. The best examples are the lines around our eyes and in between our brows.

Wrinkles occur in the areas of the face that are stationary, such as the cheeks. There’s really no reason for their existence other than environmental damage and the passage of time.

Sagging, on the other hand, is mostly the result of genetics. It all depends on the thickness of our skin as well as the formation of its structural proteins and connective tissue.

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Intrinsic Aging & Extrinsic Aging, Which Ages Faster?

 

There are two types of aging, intrinsic and extrinsic.

Intrinsic Aging

Intrinsic (internal) aging is the rate of aging that occurs with the passage of time. It is genetically determined, but influenced to some extent, by diet and lifestyle.

Extrinsic Aging

Extrinsic aging is caused primarily by sun-damage and hence, also called photo-aging. Extrinsic (external) aging is also intrinsic aging compounded by external causes such as air pollution and inflammation caused by harsh detergents, rough treatment, cosmetics and disease processes.

Intrinsic Aging v.s. Extrinsic Aging

To understand the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic aging, you need only look at the skin on you face versus, say, the skin on your hips or your upper thighs. The prime culprit of extrinsic aging? Sun exposure. Most 50 years olds, for example, can easily see the difference in skin that’s been exposed to sunlight for years (such as the skin on their faces, necks, arms, chests and lower legs) and skin that’s been protected by clothing (such as the skin on their buttocks and torsos). The exposed skin is generally more wrinkled and discolored and less taut than the unexposed skin.

As skin aging is divided into intrinsic aging and extrinsic aging. Intrinsic aging accounts for 15% of the changes associated with skin aging whereas extrinsic aging accounts for 85% of the changes.

The damaging effect

Extrinsic aging or photo-aging, was until quite recently believed to be a fast-forwarding of intrinsic aging. But differences between the damaging effect of the sun, air pollution and inflammation caused by harsh detergents and rough treatment have emphasized the fact that external elements play a large part in the aging process. Hence, a staggering 85% of skin aging is attributed to sun damage.

UV rays and pollution (including smoking) speed up the aging process because they promote the production of free radicals on the surface of exposed skin, damaging collagen and elastin fibres. The result is a rough, dry skin texture, deep wrinkles, uneven pigmentation and broken veins.

Photo-aging is entirely preventable and since it accounts for 85% of skin aging. The best protection against skin aging is therefore sun-protection.

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How we age is dependent on two factors : lifestyle and genes. If your parents aged well, then you will probably carry on looking good for a long time too. But how we live, even where we live, can also have a major impact on how we age. Here’s how some lifestyle factors can add years, even decades, to our faces :
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Sunbaking or regular use of a sunbed - add 20 years! According to an increasing number of dermatologists, sunbeds are even damaging to the skin than direct sunlight, because they emit pure UVA rays, which penetrate deep into the skin, causing long-term damage. Avoid entirely.
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Sun exposure - add 10 years! Sunlight creates free radicals that break down the lipids in the cell walls, leading to water loss, inflammation and sun damage. It also damages the genetic material in the developing cells, creating sun spots, some of which (over-exposure) will progress to skin cancer.
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Severe stress - add 10 years! Although stress may not show up on your skin but it creates free radicals which can lead to premature aging. Try to reduce stress by finding new ways to relax and slow down.
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Excessive alcohol -add 10 years! Drinking causes skin to get dehydrated and effects greatly through malnutrition. Alcohol depletes the body of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin A which contains antioxidants that help the skin look and feel healthy.
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Excessive caffeine consumption -add 2 years! Too much caffeine can cause the skin to get dehydrated. Other effects of caffeine that may indirectly link to skin aging are insomnia, anxiety and depression.
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Sleep deprivation -add 5 years! Insomnia, lack of sleep or missed sleep may lead to obesity and premature aging. Sleep is necessary for our bodies to build up energy reserves and regenerates body cells and tissues.
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Crash dieting -add 10 years! Yo-yo dieting deprives your skin of vital nutrients. If you loose weight quickly, your skin will also stretch and sag.
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Malnutrition -add 5 years! If a nutrition-poor diet, especially one lacking in vitamins A, C, E and folic acid yet high in fat and salt. Many vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids only come from food. So no skin care product can replace them.
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City living or environmental toxins - add 5 years! The urban pollution has the capabilities of damaging the skin’s protective film, producing cell-aging and triggering free radicals. Try a skin cream rich in antioxidants to clear up the damage. 
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Cigarette smoke -add 10 years! Cigarette smoke (inhaled or secondhand) speeds up skin aging. It creates free radicals that can damage cell DNA and reduces the absorption of vitamin C which is a vital antioxidant for healthy skin.

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Home Care Tips For The Aging Skin

 

When a woman hits a certain age, it’s only natural to feel pressure to resist aging that they begin to look for anything possible to make them look and feel younger. Before looking around for the best cosmetic procedures, why not get start with the correct skin care regimen at home.

Home care should be adapted to help each own aging signs, whatever their severity. Begin by thoroughly analyzing the skin. Treatment conditioners for aging skin will not be useful if they are for the wrong skin type. Aging skin will still be predominantly dry or oily. For oily skin, stick to noncomedogenic fluids, lotions or gels. For more normal-dry skin, you can use heavier emollients.

Stick to very gentle cleansers with little or no detergents. Remember, the aging skin already has fewer intercellular lipids. You do not want to strip these essential lipids by using too aggressive a cleanser. Low-foaming washes and cleansing milks are best to use for the aging skin.

Toners should be alcohol-free and should contain a humectant such as propylene glycol or glycerin. Toners should not have a strong astringent action.

Specialty products for aging skin may include alphahydroxy gels or creams, antioxidant serums and lipid-based serums. These are special functional products that help protect the skin from free-radical damage, and help to exfoliate or hydrate the skin. 

Day creams should contain a broad-spectrum sunscreen and a sealant agent such as dimethicone, mineral oil or cyclomethicone. These agents will help the skin retain water better in the surface layers. 

Special treatment products for the eye and neck areas are very helpful to the aging skin. The skin of the eyes and the neck is much thinner than the rest of the facial skin, and is therefore very likely to show signs of aging. Heavier emollients are often used for these areas, with the exception of some of the newer liposome gels.

Mild exfoliation is good for aging skin. It gently stimulates the skin and removes dead, dry cells on the surface, helping the skin look and feel smoother and softer, and also helping to minimize the appearance of rough textures and wrinkles.

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